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  英文写作是一种综合能力训练,临阵磨枪是不能取得好成绩的,需要掌握写作技巧。小编在此献上英语写作方法,希望对你有所帮助。

   Omit Needless Words.删掉多余的单词

  Along with advice about the passive voice and keeping your writing in the same verb tense is this often-quoted axiom:omit needless words.

  和在写作中对被动语态的建议及要保持时态一致一样被经常引用的还有:删掉多余的单词。

  The question is,of course,what’s a needless word and who gets to say?Take this paragraph:

  那么问题就是,什么叫多余的单词,谁说了算?我们拿下面这段来举例:

  Sitting beside the road,watching the wagon8 mount the hill toward her,Lena thinks,“I have come from Alabama:a fur piece.All the way from Alabama a-walking.A fur piece.”Thinking although I have not been quite a month on the road I am already in Mississippi,further from home than I have ever been before.I am now further from Doane’s Mill than I have been since I was twelve years old.

  坐在路边,看着货车爬上了她这边的山丘,莉娜心想,“我来自于阿拉巴马这么一个皮毛之地。阿拉巴马所有的路都必须得步行。一个皮毛之地啊。”尽管我离家还不到一个月,我已经到了密西西比,比我以前任何时候都离家远。这比我12岁那年离多恩的磨房要更远了。

  If we have words in our language(and our dictionaries),then it is because they are needful,not needless.And though we tend to focus on the meaning of words,we can’t deny that they can have extra-semantic uses.

  如果我们的语言中(字典中)出现单词,那是因为它们是必需的。尽管我们关注的常常是单词的意思,但我们不可否认它们也有额外的语义作用。

   Avoid Colloquial9 Language避免口语化

  Slang is everywhere.When we use it in everyday life to communicate with friends informally,it’s usually fine.In fact,sounding too formal around our friends is kinda weird10.Slang,or colloquial language—to use the formal term—is not appropriate in academic writing and many professional communication situations.

  俚语无处不在。在非正式场合我们跟朋友们进行日常交流时,用俚语还是不错的。实际上,和朋友在一起时用很正式的语言交流有一点奇怪。俚语,或是口语-用在正式的场合下-出现在学术写作和许多专业沟通时却是很不合时宜的。

  Some writing teachers tell their students to avoid certain classes of words:slang,jargon11,new words whose meaning isn’t apparent.The idea behind this is that you don’t want the words you use to snag the audience’s attention and detract from the point you’re making.This is a guideline that many of us learn as we go through school,where most of our writing is more formal and academic,and it’s a good guideline to follow in academic and formal writing.

  一些写作老师告诉他们的学生要避开特定的某类单词:俚语,术语,意思模糊的新词。言下之意就是,你也不想在使用这些词语时吸引了读者的注意力,却使得他们在理解你的观点时分了心。这是我们很多人在学校学到的写作原则,在学校里我们大部分的写作还是比较正式且学术的,在学术和正式的写作时,这个原则非常受用。

  But context is everything.Sometimes writers and editors will forget that not all writing is academic writing,and they’ll expand on the rule a bit to say that one shouldn’t use words that aren’t entered into a dictionary(regardless of what one is writing).但是内容至上。有时候作者和编辑会忘记并非所有的写作都跟学术有关,他们会阐述说不要用字典里不存在的单词。(不管是在写什么)。

  Dictionaries follow the language.A new word appears;people begin to use that word more and more;it shows up consistently in edited prose;we eventually enter it into the dictionary.If writers are supposed to avoid words that aren’t entered into the dictionary,then the whole process falls apart at the third step.

  字典是追随着语言的。新词出现了,人们用的越来越多了,它在编选的散文中一直出现着,新单词才被收录进字典。如果作者们都避免用字典里没有的单词,那么这整个过程在第三步时就崩塌了。

  In short,keep your audience in mind,but certainly use words that aren’t in the dictionary.We like reading them as much as we like collecting them.

  简言之,我们要把读者放在心里,但我们肯定是要用到字典里没有出现过的词。我们喜欢阅读且收集它们。

  Disagreements不一致

  所谓不一致不光指主谓不一致,它还包括了数的不一致、时态不一致及代词不一致等.

  例1.When one have money,he can do what he want to.

  (人一旦有了钱,他就能想干什么就干什么.)


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